Ankylosing Spondylitis Symptoms Females

Ankylosing Spondylitis Symptoms Females

  1. What are the functions of the spine?
  2. How is the spine
  3. What is ankylosing spondylitis?
  4. Who is affected
  5. What are the causes of spondylitis
  6. what are your symptoms?
  7. Can ankylosing spondylitis affect other parts of the body?
  8. How is spondylitis treated?

1.What are the functions of the spine?

The spine is the part of the skeleton that forms the trunk axis and supports the skull. It also protects the spinal cord and nerves that visit the extremities.

Also, the dorsal column act articulated with ribs and forms, along with the sternum, the rib cage, which protects the heart, lungs, and large blood vessels, prevents lung collapse and allows breathing. Accord.

2.How is the spine

It is made up of a group of different bones and acts divided into five parts:

Seven cervical vertebrae, which make up the neck.

Twelve dorsal vertebrae, with ribs and sternum, form the rib cage.

Five lumbar vertebrae.

Ankylosing Spondylitis Symptoms Females

Sacrum: It connects the rest of the pelvis to the joints called sacroiliac.

Tailbone, commonly called rump.

Between the various vertebrae, intervertebral discs are located, which allows the spinal cord to bend and twist in almost all directions, especially in the cervical and lumbar regions.

3.What is ankylosing spondylitis?

Enclosing spondylitis is an inflammatory form of arthritis that mainly affects the spinal cord and sacroiliac joint, where the spinal cord connects to the pelvis.

It is a type of arthritis in which inflammation of the joints and ligaments of the spine usually occurs. It produces pain and stiffness.

Over time, the ligament may occur in the joints and vertebrae, resulting in loss of flexibility in the spine and, therefore, a reduced ability to perform specific movements. The term “ankylosant” comes from the Greek word “ankylos,” meaning welding or fusion.

Symptoms usually begin at the base of the spine, particularly in the sacroiliac joints, which, as noted, connect the pelvis to the pelvis. After this, the swelling goes to the upper back, chest, and neck.

Ankylosing Spondylitis Symptoms Females

It can also affect the joints of the hip, shoulder, knee, or ankle – causing pain and swelling – and areas of the skeleton where there is a union of ligaments or tendons.

It is a chronic, incurable inflammatory disease that usually occurs during an epidemic. Its severity varies from person to person, although early diagnosis and appropriate treatment prevent and control symptoms and slow the disease’s progression.

It is also a systemic disease, that is, other parts of the body such as the eye, or more rarely the heart and lungs, may be affected.

4.Who is affected

According to the Spanish Rheumatology Society (SER),

ankylosing spondylitis is a common disease that mainly affects between 0.5% and 1% of the population, with an incidence of seven new cases per 100,000 inhabitants per year.

More common in men than women, it usually appears between 20 and 30 years of age (rarely after 45 years), although symptoms may arise from childhood and in these cases, compared to girls. It also happens more often in boys.

5.What are the causes of spondylitis

The cause of ankylosing spondylitis is not known. However, in this type of arthritis, there seems to be a genetic predisposition, as most people who have a gene called HLA-B27 positive.

However, this does not mean that the disease will develop. Less than 10% of carriers do so, according to the Spanish Rheumatology Society. Possession of this gene causes the airline to react abnormally to certain germs.

On the other hand, it acts believed that some bacteria in the intestine may play an essential role in the development of the disease by mechanisms that are still unclear.

6.What are your symptoms?

Ankylosing spondylitis is a chronic disease that occurs during an epidemic, that is, a period without symptoms during which the patient can lead his or her healthy life. In general, the main symptoms are pain, inflammatory features, and stiffness. These usually begin at the base of the spine, although other parts of the body may be affected:

In the disease stage, where inflammation begins in the sacral joints, the most common symptoms are a pain in the lower back and behind the buttocks, hips, and thighs, which can make people think incorrectly, that It is sciatica.

This pain gradually manifests, and the activity improves and worsens with rest so that you can feel stiff in the morning. It is called “inflammatory” pain instead of “mechanical” pain, which is more specific as disc problems or other diseases affecting the joints, such as osteoarthritis.

Ankylosing Spondylitis Symptoms Females

Over time, chronic inflammation can affect other parts of the spine, reaching the neck. The formation of syndesmophytes may cause the vertebrae’s fuse, that is, the bony bridge with which two adjacent vertebral merges act known.

In the most severe cases, it limits spinal motion and may result in total loss of flexibility and mobility of the trunk. However, this occurs only for a small proportion of people affected by the disease.

Swelling and pain in the shoulders, knees, ankles, fingers, and toes also lose the ability to move.

Pain in swelling and cramps are areas where ligaments and tendons are attached to bones. The most commonly affected are those of the lower limbs (heel, Achilles tendon), but also occur at the ligaments of the anterior side of the knees and at points where the ribs join the sternum and spine.

Rib Cage Swelling: And over time, it can also fuse and harden. It reduces chest mobility, which may not stretch well, which can cause difficulty breathing.

Spondylitis may cause fever, fatigue, and loss of appetite.

7.Can ankylosing spondylitis affect other parts of the body?

Yes, because it is a systemic disease, which means that it can manifest itself in other organs and parts of the body, such as:

Inflammation of the eye (iritis or uveitis): The eye – usually the iris – becomes swollen and red. It can also cause pain, sensitivity to light, and sometimes worse or blurred vision.

Symptoms, which sometimes precede inflammation of the spine, often worsen by exposure to bright light. Generally, it affects only one eye and causes breakouts that last for days or weeks. These conditions require early diagnosis and treatment by an ophthalmologist to avoid the savior.

Heart problems: Spondylitis can inflame and enlarge the aorta, the main artery in the body. It can obstruct the aortic valve, preventing the heart from functioning properly.

Ankylosing Spondylitis Symptoms Females

Lung changes: We have already indicated that the loss of elasticity in the chest can affect lung performance, causing breathing problems, especially in smokers.

Ankylosing Spondylitis Symptoms Females

Compression fracture: In some patients, the vertebrae become weak and thin, causing them to rupture.

On the other hand, spondylitis act sometimes associated

 with psoriasis or inflammatory bowel diseases such as Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis.

8.How is spondylitis treated?

There is currently no cure for ankylosing spondylitis, so treatment aims to reduce symptoms, prevent or delay morbidity, and help the patient continue his daily activities and improve his quality of life. Processing can abide based on the following lines:

Pharmacological treatment: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen may reduce pain and inflammation, although they do not prevent the disease.

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Other options are part of a group modifying antiviral drugs (DMARDs) and biological agents (TNF inhibitors). In severe cases or for specific outbreaks, corticosteroids may be occasionally used, always for the shortest possible time and with the lowest dose possible, due to their side effects.

Physiotherapy exercises: They can help reduce joint pain and stiffness and increase strength and flexibility. The exercise program should be tailored to the needs of each patient and cover all affected areas.

Ankylosing Spondylitis Symptoms Females

It may be composed of aerobic exercises such as those recommended for the general population and strengthening and extension exercises. The joints are gently stretched and flexed as far as is comfortable for each patient.

In any case, there should be no pain in practice that lasts more than two hours after the session. On the other hand, swimming is a good option as it helps maintain the flexibility of the neck, back, shoulders, and hips.

Surgery: Although this remedy is not commonly used, in some cases, it may be necessary to heal damaged joints that have lost too much mobility. Typically, these are hip or knee replacement procedures. Exceptionally, surgery act performed to straighten the spine, as it is a very complicated operation.

Ten tips to control spondylitis

It is possible to maintain a good quality of life with ankylosing spondylitis,

but it is essential to follow specific daily routine measures:

1. Get your general health checked regularly.

People with spondylitis have a higher risk of heart problems, so it is essential to regularly check your blood pressure, cholesterol, blood sugar, and abdominal fat. To do this, access the reviews and analyze and test them as shown.

2. Control your weight and diet.

Maintaining a healthy weight will help to stress the joints in your body and relieve pain and swelling. To do this, eat a varied and balanced diet and exclude foods that are too high in calories or cholesterol.

3. Play the game.

Regular exercise will help strengthen your muscles, bones, cartilage, and ligaments, improve your lung capacity, and prevent heart problems. Similarly, physical activity promotes the maintenance of a healthy weight and greater psychological well-being.

In addition to specific physiotherapy exercises, aerobic sports and general reinforcement exercises acts also recommended. The most recommended are those that allow extension of the back and mobility of the shoulders and hips, such as swimming. Instead, avoid contact and those that force you to keep your back flexed, such as golf.

4. Take care of your oral hygiene.

Brush your teeth and gums regularly,

especially before bed and after eating, as inflammation in this part of the body (gingivitis or periodontitis) increases the risk of other inflammatory conditions.

5. Stop Smoking

Various studies confirm that tobacco promotes spondylitis, so it is essential that you quit this habit if you are suffering from this disease. It will improve your overall quality of life, as well as diagnose your condition.

6. Maintain correct posture at all times.

Whether it is sleeping, sitting, walking, or standing, trying to maintain good posture. At night, it is convenient to sleep with your back and legs straight and use a stiff mattress and a flat pillow. While walking or sitting, keep your back and head straight and your shoulders back.

7. Keep your attention at work as well.

If you are working with a computer, keep the monitor at eye level, and maintain the correct position on the chair. Get up from time to time and take short breaks throughout the day.

Avoid lifting heavy objects and places where you have to bend your back and repetitive movements or tension in the spine. If you cannot avoid them, then, if possible, consider shortening your workday, or consider other options such as counseling to change work or, if necessary, disability or obstruction Please request.

8. Make your life easier with self-help items.

If your mobility is already limited, remember that you can use daily self-help devices, such as long boots that make it easier.

9. Do not stop going out and telling stories.

Despite the diagnosis, do not fall into the temptation to isolate yourself and overcome sadness or despair. Enjoy the leisure time with your family and friends within your means, as maintaining a certain level of social life and being distracted will help you in a better state of mind.

10. Find people who have the same problem.

In addition to sharing your concerns and feelings with your friends and family, contacting associations and support groups of patients with ankylosing spondylitis can be very positive.

They will understand your feelings and concerns and be invaluable in educating you about the resources you need to live with the diseasea.

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